Environmental & Base-Line Studies
Base-Line studies describe the deposit's natural conditions before taking action that causes significant changes to the environment. The study provides the basic information for planning mining activity. A baseline study is carried out at the operation and closure stages. It describes the possible environmental impact of mining activity on the soil, groundwater and surface water.
Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)
This is a formal process used to predict the environmental consequences (positive or negative) of a plan, policy, program, or project prior the implementation decision, it proposes measures to adjust impacts to acceptable levels or to investigate new technological solution. Although it can lead to difficult economic decisions, strong political and social commitments, but it protects environment which sounds basis for effective and sustainable development.
Environmental Monitoring Sevices(EMS)
Environmental management system (EMS) refers to the management of an organization's environmental programs in a comprehensive, systematic, planned and documented manner. It includes the organizational structure, planning and resources for developing, implementing and maintaining policy for environmental protection. More formally, EMS is "a system and database which integrates procedures and processes for training of personnel, monitoring, summarizing, and reporting of specialized environmental performance information to internal and external stakeholders of a firm.
Environmental Evaluation Report (EER)
Process of estimating and evaluating significant short-term and long-term effects of a program or project on the quality of its location's environment. It also includes identifying ways to minimize, mitigate, or eliminate these effects and/or compensate for their impact. An environmental impact assessment is prepared on the basis of an EA. Also called environmental evaluation.
Post Impact Assessment (PIA)
Bathymetry is the measurement of the depths of water bodies from the water surface. It’s the marine equivalent to topography. Bathymetric surveys are generally conducted with a transducer which both transmits a sound pulse from the water surface (usually attached to a boat) and records that same signal when it bounces from the bottom of the water body. An echosounder attached to the transducer filters and records the travel time of the pulse. At the same time that the pulse occurs, a GPS unit can record the location of the reading. After many of these readings are taken, corrections are made based on fluctuations in the water surface elevation that may have occurred during the survey. The individual points are then mapped; easily done in a GIS.
Environmental audit is a general term that can reflect various types of evaluations intended to identify environmental compliance and management system implementation gaps, along with related corrective actions. In this way they perform an analogous (similar) function to financial audits. There are generally two different types of environmental audits: compliance audits and management systems audits.
Pollution Control Studies
Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into the natural environment that cause adverse change. Pollution can take the form of chemical substances or energy, such as noise, heat or light. Pollutants, the components of pollution, can be either foreign substances/energies or naturally occurring contaminants. Pollution is often classed as point source or nonpoint source pollution.
Bio-Remediation/Rehabilitation of Spilled Sites.
Solid Waste Management/Sewage Treatment.
Health, Safety, Environment & Quality Training.
Other Environment Based Trainings.